1. In Step With Sts. Patrick and Gregory of Tours

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In Step With Sts. Patrick and Gregory of Tours

A Homily by Fr. Seraphim Rose of Platina

EDITOR'S NOTE: As an example of Fr. Seraphim's simple, down-to-earth approach to spiritual life, we present here a faithful transcription of one of his "unprepared" recorded talks. It was given on St. Patrick's day, March 17, 1977, to monks and pilgrims at the St. Herman of Alaska Monastery.


THE CONFESSION OF ST. PATRICK is a very simple document about how he planned to serve God and a few of the trials and sufferings he went through. From what St. Patrick writes, we see that in his lifetime he did not have the universal glory that surrounds him today. He apparently did miracles and many people had great respect for him, but he still had difficulties with bishops and church people, and there was controversy over whether he was doing things the way he should be doing them. This shows us that even those who later become quite glorious have to go through—in their own lifetimes—the same struggles that each one of us must go through; and it's not seen until the end whether a person even saves his soul. Next...

It is extremely important that we look at St. Patrick, not from the point of view of glory in the eyes of men, but as he is: that is, spiritually—his spiritual worth. It is of absolutely no significance that today everybody wears green on his day. When I was going to school, you had to do something to anyone who didn't wear green—tie him up or something. It was obvious that those who did this had no idea of what St. Patrick meant, or what kind of Orthodox saint he was; it was just that the general opinion had been formed in society that he was very important. Gradually he is deprived of all religious meaning, and in the end the honoring of his memory becomes something close to superstition, some kind of a totally meaningless ritual. Of course, this is not what we should look at St. Patrick for. He was a burning apostle of Christ, and because he was close to God, and because God chose him, he was able to convert the whole of Ireland's people.

All of us are very inspired by lives like his, and this makes one want to do something oneself. What can one do? The inexperienced convert gets the idea: "Oh! I'll go to Ireland and do something." Of course, it will not work out. It will not be like St. Patrick because it could only be done once. In a small way it is possible to imitate him, but in general such literal imitations do not work out. We should look to lives like that of St. Patrick for some kind of inspiration or guidance as to what we can do ourselves in our own conditions.

What is realistic? What can we do to be burning with that same apostleship in the conditions we have today? We look around, and we see that there does not seem to be too much of the inspiring phenomena of St. Patrick's era: whole countries being converted, great monastic revivals, great movements towards Orthodoxy. On the contrary, we look around and see things which may very easily make us discouraged. One asks why there are no great apostles like St. Patrick today. Of course, it is very realistic historically. There was an age of apostles, there was an age when whole peoples were unconverted and apostles were sent out to them. Today, virtually the whole world has heard about Christ, and there are very few totally pagan peoples left who are not getting the Word preached to them. In Africa, as we continue to hear, the Orthodox Gospel is being preached to those wild tribes, from one country to the next, in East and Central Africa. But in most places, the peoples of the world have become rather weary, tired, worn out people who once heard of Christianity and have now got bored with it. It is very difficult to inspire oneself with that. Here and there are a few converts who find that Christianity is something fresh, that it is not the same as the ordinary idea of it. Nevertheless, not too much is very inspiring when you look around the world, from the point of view of Orthodoxy.

The "Confessio" of Saint Patrick

1. I, Patrick, a sinner, a most simple countryman, the least of all the
faithful and most contemptible to many, had for father the deacon
Calpurnius, son of the late Potitus, a priest, of the settlement
[vicus] of Bannavem Taburniae; he had a small villa nearby where I was
taken captive. I was at that time about sixteen years of age. I did
not, indeed, know the true God; and I was taken into captivity in
Ireland with many thousands of people, according to our deserts, for
quite drawn away from God, we did not keep his precepts, nor were we
obedient to our priests who used to remind us of our salvation. And the
Lord brought down on us the fury of his being and scattered us among
many nations, even to the ends of the earth, where I, in my smallness,
am now to be found among foreigners.

2. And there the Lord opened my mind to an awareness of my unbelief, in
order that, even so late, I might remember my transgressions and turn
with all my heart to the Lord my God, who had regard for my
insignificance and pitied my youth and ignorance. And he watched over
me before I knew him, and before I learned sense or even distinguished
between good and evil, and he protected me, and consoled me as a father
would his son.

3. Therefore, indeed, I cannot keep silent, nor would it be proper, so
many favours and graces has the Lord deigned to bestow on me in the
land of my captivity. For after chastisement from God, and recognizing
him, our way to repay him is to exalt him and confess his wonders
before every nation under heaven.

4. For there is no other God, nor ever was before, nor shall be
hereafter, but God the Father, unbegotten and without beginning, in
whom all things began, whose are all things, as we have been taught;
and his son Jesus Christ, who manifestly always existed with the
Father, before the beginning of time in the spirit with the Father,
indescribably begotten before all things, and all things visible and
invisible were made by him. He was made man, conquered death and was
received into Heaven, to the Father who gave him all power over every
name in Heaven and on Earth and in Hell, so that every tongue should
confess that Jesus Christ is Lord and God, in whom we believe. And we
look to his imminent coming again, the judge of the living and the
dead, who will render to each according to his deeds. And he poured out
his Holy Spirit on us in abundance, the gift and pledge of immortality,
which makes the believers and the obedient into sons of God and
co-heirs of Christ who is revealed, and we worship one God in the
Trinity of holy name.

5. He himself said through the prophet: `Call upon me in the day of'
trouble; I will deliver you, and you shall glorify me.' And again: `It
is right to reveal and publish abroad the works of God.'

6. I am imperfect in many things, nevertheless I want my brethren and
kinsfolk to know my nature so that they may be able to perceive my
soul's desire.

7. I am not ignorant of what is said of my Lord in the Psalm: `You
destroy those who speak a lie.' And again: `A lying mouth deals death
to the soul.' And likewise the Lord says in the Gospel: `On the day of
judgment men shall render account for every idle word they utter.'

8. So it is that I should mightily fear, with terror and trembling,
this judgment on the day when no one shall be able to steal away or
hide, but each and all shall render account for even our smallest sins
before the judgment seat of Christ the Lord.

9. And therefore for some time I have thought of writing, but I have
hesitated until now, for truly, I feared to expose myself to the
criticism of men, because I have not studied like others, who have
assimilated both Law and the Holy Scriptures equally and have never
changed their idiom since their infancy, but instead were always
learning it increasingly, to perfection, while my idiom and language
have been translated into a foreign tongue. So it is easy to prove from
a sample of my writing, my ability in rhetoric and the extent of my
preparation and knowledge, for as it is said, `wisdom shall be
recognized in speech, and in understanding, and in knowledge and in the
learning of truth.'

10. But why make excuses close to the truth, especially when now I am
presuming to try to grasp in my old age what I did not gain in my youth
because my sins prevented me from making what I had read my own? But
who will believe me, even though I should say it again? A young man,
almost a beardless boy, I was taken captive before I knew what I should
desire and what I should shun. So, consequently, today I feel ashamed
and I am mightily afraid to expose my ignorance, because, [not]
eloquent, with a small vocabulary, I am unable to explain as the spirit
is eager to do and as the soul and the mind indicate.

11. But had it been given to me as to others, in gratitude I should not
have kept silent, and if it should appear that I put myself before
others, with my ignorance and my slower speech, in truth, it is
written: `The tongue of the stammerers shall speak rapidly and
distinctly.' How much harder must we try to attain it, we of whom it is
said: `You are an epistle of Christ in greeting to the ends of the
earth . . . written on your hearts, not with ink but with the Spirit of
the living God.' And again, the Spirit witnessed that the rustic life
was created by the Most High.

12. I am, then, first of all, countryfied, an exile, evidently
unlearned, one who is not able to see into the future, but I know for
certain, that before I was humbled I was like a stone lying in deep
mire, and he that is mighty came and in his mercy raised me up and,
indeed, lifted me high up and placed me on top of the wall. And from
there I ought to shout out in gratitude to the Lord for his great
favours in this world and for ever, that the mind of man cannot

13. Therefore be amazed, you great and small who fear God, and you men
of God, eloquent speakers, listen and contemplate. Who was it summoned
me, a fool, from the midst of those who appear wise and learned in the
law and powerful in rhetoric and in all things? Me, truly wretched in
this world, he inspired before others that I could be--if I would--such
a one who, with fear and reverence, and faithfully, without complaint,
would come to the people to whom the love of Christ brought me and gave
me in my lifetime, if I should be worthy, to serve them truly and with

14. According, therefore, to the measure of one's faith in the Trinity,
one should proceed without holding back from danger to make known the
gift of God and everlasting consolation, to spread God's name
everywhere with confidence and without fear, in order to leave behind,
after my death, foundations for my brethren and sons whom I baptized in
the Lord in so many thousands.

15. And I was not worthy, nor was I such that the Lord should grant his
humble servant this, that after hardships and such great trials, after
captivity, after many years, he should give me so much favour in these
people, a thing which in the time of my youth I neither hoped for nor

16. But after I reached Ireland I used to pasture the flock each day
and I used to pray many times a day. More and more did the love of God,
and my fear of him and faith increase, and my spirit was moved so that
in a day [I said] from one up to a hundred prayers, and in the night a
like number; besides I used to stay out in the forests and on the
mountain and I would wake up before daylight to pray in the snow, in
icy coldness, in rain, and I used to feel neither ill nor any
slothfulness, because, as I now see, the Spirit was burning in me at
that time.

17. And it was there of course that one night in my sleep I heard a
voice saying to me: `You do well to fast: soon you will depart for your
home country.' And again, a very short time later, there was a voice
prophesying: `Behold, your ship is ready.' And it was not close by,
but, as it happened, two hundred miles away, where I had never been nor
knew any person. And shortly thereafter I turned about and fled from
the man with whom I had been for six years, and I came, by the power of
God who directed my route to advantage (and I was afraid of nothing),
until I reached that ship.

18. And on the same day that I arrived, the ship was setting out from
the place, and I said that I had the wherewithal to sail with them; and
the steersman was displeased and replied in anger, sharply: `By no
means attempt to go with us.' Hearing this I left them to go to the hut
where I was staying, and on the way I began to pray, and before the
prayer was finished I heard one of them shouting loudly after me: `Come
quickly because the men are calling you.' And immediately I went back
to them and they started to say to me: `Come, because we are admitting
you out of good faith; make friendship with us in any way you wish.'
(And so, on that day, I refused to suck the breasts of these men from
fear of God, but nevertheless I had hopes that they would come to faith
in Jesus Christ, because they were barbarians.) And for this I
continued with them, and forthwith we put to sea.

19. And after three days we reached land, and for twenty-eight days
journeyed through uninhabited country, and the food ran out and hunger
overtook them; and one day the steersman began saying: `Why is it,
Christian? You say your God is great and all-powerful; then why can you
not pray for us? For we may perish of hunger; it is unlikely indeed
that we shall ever see another human being.' In fact, I said to them,
confidently: `Be converted by faith with all your heart to my Lord God,
because nothing is impossible for him, so that today he will send food
for you on your road, until you be sated, because everywhere he
abounds.' And with God's help this came to pass; and behold, a herd of
swine appeared on the road before our eyes, and they slew many of them,
and remained there for two nights, and the men were full of their meat
and well restored, for many of them had fainted and would otherwise
have been left half dead by the wayside. And after this they gave the
utmost thanks to God, and I was esteemed in their eyes, and from that
day they had food abundantly. They discovered wild honey, besides, and
they offered a share to me, and one of them said: `It is a sacrifice.'
Thanks be to God, I tasted none of it.

20. The very same night while I was sleeping Satan attacked me
violently, as I will remember as long as I shall be in this body; and
there fell on top of me as it were, a huge rock, and not one of my
members had any force. But from whence did it come to me, ignorant in
the spirit, to call upon `Helias'? And meanwhile I saw the sun rising
in the sky, and while I was crying out `Helias, Helias' with all my
might, lo, the brilliance of that sun fell upon me and immediately
shook me free of all the weight; and I believe that I was aided by
Christ my Lord, and that his Spirit then was crying out for me, and I
hope that it will be so in the day of my affliction, just as it says in
the Gospel: `In that hour', the Lord declares, `it is not you who
speaks but the Spirit of your Father speaking in you.'

21. And a second time, after many years, I was taken captive. On the
first night I accordingly remained with my captors, but I heard a
divine prophecy, saying to me: `You shall be with them for two months.'
So it happened. On the sixtieth night the Lord delivered me from their

22. On the journey he provided us with food and fire and dry weather
every day, until on the tenth day we came upon people. As I mentioned
above, we had journeyed through an unpopulated country for twenty-eight
days, and in fact the night that we came upon people we had no food.

23. And after a few years I was again in Britain with my parents
[kinsfolk], and they welcomed me as a son, and asked me, in faith, that
after the great tribulations I had endured I should not go anywhere
else away from them. And, of course, there, in a vision of the night, I
saw a man whose name was Victoricus coming as if from Ireland with
innumerable letters, and he gave me one of them, and I read the
beginning of the letter: `The Voice of the Irish'; and as I was reading
the beginning of the letter I seemed at that moment to hear the voice
of those who were beside the forest of Foclut which is near the western
sea, and they were crying as if with one voice: `We beg you, holy
youth, that you shall come and shall walk again among us.' And I was
stung intensely in my heart so that I could read no more, and thus I
awoke. Thanks be to God, because after so many years the Lord bestowed
on them according to their cry.

24. And another night--God knows, I do not, whether within me or beside
me-- . . . most words + . . . + which I heard and could not understand,
except at the end of the speech it was represented thus: `He who gave
his life for you, he it is who speaks within you.' And thus I awoke,

25. And on a second occasion I saw Him praying within me, and I was as
it were, inside my own body , and I heard Him above me--that is, above
my inner self. He was praying powerfully with sighs. And in the course
of this I was astonished and wondering, and I pondered who it could be
who was praying within me. But at the end of the prayer it was revealed
to me that it was the Spirit. And so I awoke and remembered the
Apostle's words: `Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness; for we
know not how to pray as we ought. But the Spirit Himself intercedes for
us with sighs too deep for utterance.' And again: 'The Lord our
advocate intercedes for us.'

26. And then I was attacked by a goodly number of my elders, who
[brought up] my sins against my arduous episcopate. That day in
particular I was mightily upset, and might have fallen here and for
ever; but the Lord generously spared me, a convert, and an alien, for
his name's sake, and he came powerfully to my assistance in that state
of being trampled down. I pray God that it shall not be held against
them as a sin that I fell truly into disgrace and scandal.

27. They brought up against me after thirty years an occurrence I had
confessed before becoming a deacon. On account of the anxiety in my
sorrowful mind, I laid before my close friend what I had perpetrated on
a day--nay, rather in one hour--in my boyhood because I was not yet
proof against sin. God knows--I do not--whether I was fifteen years old
at the time, and I did not then believe in the living God, nor had I
believed, since my infancy; but I remained in death and unbelief until
I was severely rebuked, and in truth I was humbled every day by hunger
and nakedness.

28. On the other hand, I did not proceed to Ireland of my own accord
until I was almost giving up, but through this I was corrected by the
Lord, and he prepared me so that today I should be what was once far
from me, in order that I should have the care of--or rather, I should
be concerned for--the salvation of others, when at that time, still, I
was only concerned for myself.

29. Therefore, on that day when I was rebuked, as I have just
mentioned, I saw in a vision of the night a document before my face,
without honour, and meanwhile I heard a divine prophecy, saying to me:
`We have seen with displeasure the face of the chosen one divested of
[his good] name.' And he did not say `You have seen with displeasure',
but `We have seen with displeasure' (as if He included Himself) . He
said then: `He who touches you, touches the apple of my eye.'

30. For that reason, I give thanks to him who strengthened me in all
things, so that I should not be hindered in my setting out and also in
my work which I was taught by Christ my Lord; but more, from that state
of affairs I felt, within me, no little courage, and vindicated my
faith before God and man.

31. Hence, therefore, I say boldly that my conscience is clear now and
hereafter. God is my witness that I have not lied in these words to

32. But rather, I am grieved for my very close friend, that because of
him we deserved to hear such a prophecy. The one to whom I entrusted my
soul! And I found out from a goodly number of brethren, before the case
was made in my defence (in which I did not take part, nor was I in
Britain, nor was it pleaded by me), that in my absence he would fight
in my behalf. Besides, he told me himself: `See, the rank of bishop
goes to you'--of which I was not worthy. But how did it come to him,
shortly afterwards, to disgrace me publicly, in the presence of all,
good and bad, because previously, gladly and of his own free will, he
pardoned me, as did the Lord, who is greater than all?

33. I have said enough. But all the same, I ought not to conceal God's
gift which he lavished on us in the land of my captivity, for then I
sought him resolutely, and I found him there, and he preserved me from
all evils (as I believe) through the in-dwelling of his Spirit, which
works in me to this day. Again, boldly, but God knows, if this had been
made known to me by man, I might, perhaps, have kept silent for the
love of Christ.

34. Thus I give untiring thanks to God who kept me faithful in the day
of my temptation, so that today I may confidently offer my soul as a
living sacrifice for Christ my Lord; who am I, Lord? or, rather, what
is my calling? that you appeared to me in so great a divine quality, so
that today among the barbarians I might constantly exalt and magnify
your name in whatever place I should be, and not only in good fortune,
but even in affliction? So that whatever befalls me, be it good or bad,
I should accept it equally, and give thanks always to God who revealed
to me that I might trust in him, implicitly and forever, and who will
encourage me so that, ignorant, and in the last days, I may dare to
undertake so devout and so wonderful a work; so that I might imitate
one of those whom, once, long ago, the Lord already pre-ordained to be
heralds of his Gospel to witness to all peoples to the ends of the
earth. So are we seeing, and so it is fulfilled; behold, we are
witnesses because the Gospel has been preached as far as the places
beyond which no man lives.

35. But it is tedious to describe in detail all my labours one by one.
I will tell briefly how most holy God frequently delivered me, from
slavery, and from the twelve trials with which my soul was threatened,
from man traps as well, and from things I am not able to put into
words. I would not cause offence to readers, but I have God as witness
who knew all things even before they happened, that, though I was a
poor, ignorant waif, still he gave me abundant warnings through divine

36. Whence came to me this wisdom which was not my own, I who neither
knew the number of days nor had knowledge of God? Whence came the so
great and so healthful gift of knowing or rather loving God, though I
should lose homeland and family?

37. And many gifts were offered to me with weeping and tears, and I
offended them [the donors], and also went against the wishes of a good
number of my elders; but guided by God, I neither agreed with them nor
deferred to them, not by my own grace but by God who is victorious in
me and withstands them all, so that I might come to the Irish people to
preach the Gospel and endure insults from unbelievers; that I might
hear scandal of my travels, and endure many persecutions to the extent
of prison; and so that I might give up my free birthright for the
advantage of others, and if I should be worthy, I am ready [to give]
even my life without hesitation; and most willingly for His name. And I
choose to devote it to him even unto death, if God grant it to me.

38. I am greatly God's debtor, because he granted me so much grace,
that through me many people would be reborn in God, and soon a after
confirmed, and that clergy would be ordained everywhere for them, the
masses lately come to belief, whom the Lord drew from the ends of the
earth, just as he once promised through his prophets: `To you shall the
nations come from the ends of the earth, and shall say, "Our fathers
have inherited naught but lies, worthless things in which there is no
profit."' And again: `I have set you to be a light for the Gentiles
that you may bring salvation to the uttermost ends of the earth.'

39. And I wish to wait then for his promise which is never unfulfilled,
just as it is promised in the Gospel: `Many shall come from east and
west and shall sit at table with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob.' Just as
we believe that believers will come from all the world,

40. So for that reason one should, in fact, fish well and diligently,
just as the Lord foretells and teaches, saying, `Follow me, and I will
make you fishers of men,' and, again, through the prophets: `"Behold, I
am sending forth many fishers and hunters," says the Lord,' et cetera.
So it behoved us to spread our nets, that a vast multitude and throng
might be caught for God, and so there might be clergy everywhere who
baptized and exhorted a needy and desirous people. Just as the Lord
says in the Gospel, admonishing and instructing: `Go therefore and make
disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and
of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I
have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always to the end of time.'
And again he says: `Go forth into the world and preach the Gospel to
all creation. He who believes and is baptized shall be saved; but he
who does not believe shall be condemned.' And again: `This Gospel of
the Kingdom shall be preached throughout the whole world as a witness
to all nations; and then the end of the world shall come.' And likewise
the Lord foretells through the prophet: `And it shall come to pass in
the last days (sayeth the Lord) that I will pour out my spirit upon all
flesh, and your sons and daughters shall prophesy, and your young men
shall see visions and your old men shall dream dreams; yea, and on my
menservants and my maidservants in those days I will pour out my Spirit
and they shall prophesy.' And in Hosea he says: `Those who are not my
people I will call my people, and those not beloved I will call my
beloved, and in the very place where it was said to them, "You are not
my people," they will be called 'Sons of the living God."'

41. So, how is it that in Ireland, where they never had any knowledge
of God but, always, until now, cherished idols and unclean things, they
are lately become a people of the Lord, and are called children of God;
the sons of the Irish [Scotti] and the daughters of the chieftains are
to be seen as monks and virgins of Christ.

42. And there was, besides, a most beautiful, blessed, native-born
noble Irish [Scotta] woman of adult age whom I baptized; and a few days
later she had reason to come to us to intimate that she had received a
prophecy from a divine messenger [who] advised her that she should
become a virgin of Christ and she would draw nearer to God. Thanks be
to God, six days from then, opportunely and most eagerly, she took the
course that all virgins of God take, not with their fathers' consent
but enduring the persecutions and deceitful hindrances of their
parents. Notwithstanding that, their number increases, (we do not know
the number of them that are so reborn) besides the widows, and those
who practise self-denial. Those who are kept in slavery suffer the
most. They endure terrors and constant threats, but the Lord has given
grace to many of his handmaidens, for even though they are forbidden to
do so, still they resolutely follow his example.

43. So it is that even if I should wish to separate from them in order
to go to Britain, and most willingly was I prepared to go to my
homeland and kinsfolk--and not only there, but as far as Gaul to visit
the brethren there, so that I might see the faces of the holy ones of
my Lord, God knows how strongly I desired this--I am bound by the
Spirit, who witnessed to me that if I did so he would mark me out as
guilty, and I fear to waste the labour that I began, and not I, but
Christ the Lord, who commanded me to come to be with them for the rest
of my life, if the Lord shall will it and shield me from every evil, so
that I may not sin before him.

44. So I hope that I did as I ought, but I do not trust myself as long
as I am in this mortal body, for he is strong who strives daily to turn
me away from the faith and true holiness to which I aspire until the
end of my life for Christ my Lord, but the hostile flesh is always
dragging one down to death, that is, to unlawful attractions. And I
know in part why I did not lead a perfect life like other believers,
but I confess to my Lord and do not blush in his sight, because I am
not lying; from the time when I came to know him in my youth, the love
of God and fear of him increased in me, and right up until now, by
God's favour, I have kept the faith.

45. What is more, let anyone laugh and taunt if he so wishes. I am not
keeping silent, nor am I hiding the signs and wonders that were shown
to me by the Lord many years before they happened, [he] who knew
everything, even before the beginning of time.

46. Thus, I should give thanks unceasingly to God, who frequently
forgave my folly and my negligence, in more than one instance so as not
to be violently angry with me, who am placed as his helper, and I did
not easily assent to what had been revealed to me, as the Spirit was
urging; and the Lord took pity on me thousands upon thousands of times,
because he saw within me that I was prepared, but that I was ignorant
of what to do in view of my situation; because many were trying to
prevent this mission. They were talking among themselves behind my
back, and saying: `Why is this fellow throwing himself into danger
among enemies who know not God?' Not from malice, but having no liking
for it; likewise, as I myself can testify, they perceived my rusticity.
And I was not quick to recognize the grace that was then in me; I now
know that I should have done so earlier.

47. Now I have put it frankly to my brethren and co-workers, who have
believed me because of what I have foretold and still foretell to
strengthen and reinforce your faith. I wish only that you, too, would
make greater and better efforts. This will be my pride, for `a wise son
makes a proud father'.

48. You know, as God does, how I went about among you from my youth in
the faith of truth and in sincerity of heart. As well as to the heathen
among whom I live, I have shown them trust and always show them trust.
God knows I did not cheat any one of them, nor consider it, for the
sake of God and his Church, lest I arouse them and [bring about]
persecution for them and for all of us, and lest the Lord's name be
blasphemed because of me, for it is written: `Woe to the men through
whom the name of the Lord is blasphemed.'

49. For even though I am ignorant in all things, nevertheless I
attempted to safeguard some and myself also. And I gave back again to
my Christian brethren and the virgins of Christ and the holy women the
small unasked for gifts that they used to give me or some of their
ornaments which they used to throw on the altar. And they would be
offended with me because I did this. But in the hope of eternity, I
safeguarded myself carefully in all things, so that they might not
cheat me of my office of service on any pretext of dishonesty, and so
that I should not in the smallest way provide any occasion for
defamation or disparagement on the part of unbelievers.

50. What is more, when I baptized so many thousands of people, did I
hope for even half a jot from any of them? [If so] Tell me, and I will
give it back to you. And when the Lord ordained clergy everywhere by my
humble means, and I freely conferred office on them, if I asked any of
them anywhere even for the price of one shoe, say so to my face and I
will give it back.

51. More, I spent for you so that they would receive me. And I went
about among you, and everywhere for your sake, in danger, and as far as
the outermost regions beyond which no one lived, and where no one had
ever penetrated before, to baptize or to ordain clergy or to confirm
people. Conscientiously and gladly I did all this work by God's gift
for your salvation.

52. From time to time I gave rewards to the kings, as well as making
payments to their sons who travel with me; notwithstanding which, they
seized me with my companions, and that day most avidly desired to kill
me. But my time had not yet come. They plundered everything they found
on us anyway, and fettered me in irons; and on the fourteenth day the
Lord freed me from their power, and whatever they had of ours was given
back to us for the sake of God on account of the indispensable friends
whom we had made before.

53. Also you know from experience how much I was paying to those who
were administering justice in all the regions, which I visited often. I
estimate truly that I distributed to them not less than the price of
fifteen men, in order that you should enjoy my company and I enjoy
yours, always, in God. I do not regret this nor do I regard it as
enough. I am paying out still and I shall pay out more. The Lord has
the power to grant me that I may soon spend my own self, for your

54. Behold, I call on God as my witness upon my soul that I am not
lying; nor would I write to you for it to be an occasion for flattery
or selfishness, nor hoping for honour from any one of you. Sufficient
is the honour which is not yet seen, but in which the heart has
confidence. He who made the promise is faithful; he never lies.

55. But I see that even here and now, I have been exalted beyond
measure by the Lord, and I was not worthy that he should grant me this,
while I know most certainly that poverty and failure suit me better
than wealth and delight (but Christ the Lord was poor for our sakes; I
certainly am wretched and unfortunate; even if I wanted wealth I have
no resources, nor is it my own estimation of myself, for daily I expect
to be murdered or betrayed or reduced to slavery if the occasion
arises. But I fear nothing, because of the promises of Heaven; for I
have cast myself into the hands of Almighty God, who reigns everywhere.
As the prophet says: `Cast your burden on the Lord and he will sustain

56. Behold now I commend my soul to God who is most faithful and for
whom I perform my mission in obscurity, but he is no respecter of
persons and he chose me for this service that I might be one of the
least of his ministers.

57. For which reason I should make return for all that he returns me.
But what should I say, or what should I promise to my Lord, for I,
alone, can do nothing unless he himself vouchsafe it to me. But let him
search my heart and [my] nature, for I crave enough for it, even too
much, and I am ready for him to grant me that I drink of his chalice,
as he has granted to others who love him.

58. Therefore may it never befall me to be separated by my God from his
people whom he has won in this most remote land. I pray God that he
gives me perseverance, and that he will deign that I should be a
faithful witness for his sake right up to the time of my passing.

59. And if at any time I managed anything of good for the sake of my
God whom I love, I beg of him that he grant it to me to shed my blood
for his name with proselytes and captives, even should I be left
unburied, or even were my wretched body to be torn limb from limb by
dogs or savage beasts, or were it to be devoured by the birds of the
air, I think, most surely, were this to have happened to me, I had
saved both my soul and my body. For beyond any doubt on that day we
shall rise again in the brightness of the sun, that is, in the glory of
Christ Jesus our Redeemer, as children of the living God and co-heirs
of Christ, made in his image; for we shall reign through him and for
him and in him.

60. For the sun we see rises each day for us at [his] command, but it
will never reign, neither will its splendour last, but all who worship
it will come wretchedly to punishment. We, on the other hand, shall not
die, who believe in and worship the true sun, Christ, who will never
die, no more shall he die who has done Christ's will, but will abide
for ever just as Christ abides for ever, who reigns with God the Father
Almighty and with the Holy Spirit before the beginning of time and now
and for ever and ever. Amen.

61. Behold over and over again I would briefly set out the words of my
confession. I testify in truthfulness and gladness of heart before God
and his holy angels that I never had any reason, except the Gospel and
his promises, ever to have returned to that nation from which I had
previously escaped with difficulty.

62. But I entreat those who believe in and fear God, whoever deigns to
examine or receive this document composed by the obviously unlearned
sinner Patrick in Ireland, that nobody shall ever ascribe to my
ignorance any trivial thing that I achieved or may have expounded that
was pleasing to God, but accept and truly believe that it would have
been the gift of God. And this is my confession before I die.

This document is from the Christian Classics Ethereal
Library at Calvin College, http://www.ccel.org,
generated on demand from ThML source.